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Understanding Critical Thinking

Enrolled: 19 students
Lectures: 21
Level: Intermediate

Thinking may come naturally to us but constructive reasoning certainly does not. Constructive thinking is a skill. It is certainly not true that we are naturally endowed with the ability to think clearly and logically; without learning how and without practicing. The same commitment, training, and skill that is required to be a good golfer, for playing tennis, building houses, or for playing some musical instrument are also required in order to be a good thinker. People who have never worked to develop their conceptual capabilities should no more expect to think clearly and logically than those people who have never learned and never practiced can expect to find themselves good golfers, house builders, or violinists. Critical thinking is the basis of effective reasoning and the foundations of constructive science.

Critical thinking is about trying to understand our processes of reasoning and develop standards for improving them. Critical thinking is a way of thinking about any subject in which the person improves the quality of their thinking by assessing, analyzing, deconstructing and reconstructing it. Critical thinking is a form of metacognition, it is self-directed and self-monitored; it is about developing the conceptual tools to be able to think for oneself. It requires assent to rigorous standards of excellence in judgment and thinking and conscious command of their use in trying to overcome our native egocentrism and sociocentrism.

Overview

1
Overview
3 minutes

Cognition

1
Section Overview
2 minutes
2
Cognitive Science
11 minutes
3
Cognition & Evolutionary Psychology
16 minutes
4
Cognitive Biases
6 minutes

Logic

1
Section Overview
2 minutes
2
Logic
9 minutes
3
Induction & Deduction
12 minutes
4
Formal Logic
8 minutes

Reason

1
Section Overview
3 minutes
2
What Is Reason?
19 minutes
3
Subjective Thinking
17 minutes
4
Objective Reasoning
10 minutes
5
Motivated Reasoning
10 minutes

Process of Reasoning

1
Section Overview
2 minutes
2
Elements Of Reasoning
13 minutes
3
Standards of Thinking
6 minutes

Argumentation

1
Section Overview
3 minutes
2
Argumentation
3
Objective Claims
10 minutes
4
Rational Argumentation
11 minutes

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Understanding Critical Thinking
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